Kelim, Chapter Twenty-Eight, Mishnah Five



This mishnah deals with various cases where one cloth item that is susceptible to impurity is turned into a different item that is also susceptible to impurity. The question is: does it lose its earlier impurity?


Mishnah Five

1)      If a head-wrap that had contracted midras uncleanness was wrapped around a scroll, it is released from midras uncleanness but it remains susceptible to corpse uncleanness.

2)      A skin that was made into a rug or a rug that was made into a skin becomes clean.    

3)      A skin that was made into a [shepherd’s] wallet or a [shepherd’s] wallet that was made into a skin;

a)      Or a cushion cover that was made into a sheet or a sheet that was made into a cushion cover; 

b)      Or a sheet cover that was made into a plain sheet or a plain sheet that was made into a sheet cover, remains unclean.

4)      This is the general rule: any object that has been changed into one of the same class  remains unclean, but if into one of another class it becomes clean.



Section one: Head-wraps are susceptible to midras impurity for occasionally a person will use it for sitting. However, undecorated scroll covers are susceptible only to corpse uncleanness (see yesterday’s mishnah). So when he changes the head-wrap to a scroll cover it loses its midras uncleanness but it is now susceptible to corpse uncleanness.

Section two: A skin for carrying liquids is not in the same category as a rug. Therefore, if one changes a skin into a rug or vice versa, the vessel is pure. Note that it is susceptible to impurity; it only loses its old impurity.

Section three: In all of these cases he changes something to something else that is in the same general category. Therefore, the object retains its impurity.

Section four: This is the general rule that explains the distinction between the case found in section two and that found in section three.