Keritot, Chapter One, Mishnah One

 

Introduction

Keritot opens with a list of thirty-six transactions for which one is liable karet if one commits the transgression intentionally, but without prior warning.

 

Mishnah One

There are in the Torah thirty-six [transgressions which are punishable with] karet:  

1)      When one has intercourse with his mother,  

2)      His father’s wife;

3)      Or his daughter-in-law;

4)      When a man has intercourse with a male,

5)      Or with a beast,

6)      Or when a woman brings a beast upon herself;

7)      When one has intercourse with a woman and her daughter;

8)      Or with a married woman;

9)      Or with his sister;

10)  Or with his father’s sister;

11)  Or his mother’s sister;

12)  Or his wife’s sister;

13)  Or his brother’s wife;

14)  Or the wife of his father’s brother;

15)  Or with a menstruating woman;

16)  One who blasphemes [the Lord];

17)  One who worships idols;

18)  Or dedicates his children to Molech;

19)  Or has a ba’al ov;  

20)  Or desecrates the Shabbat;

21)  When an unclean person eats of sacred food;

22)  Or when one enters the precincts of the Temple in an unclean state;   

23)  When one eats forbidden fat,   

24)  Or blood;

25)  Notar;

26)  Or piggul;   

27)  When one slaughters

28)  Or offers up [a consecrated animal] outside [the Temple];

29)  One who eats anything leavened on Pesah;   

30)  One who eats

31)  Or works on Yom Kippur; 

32)  One who compounds the oil [of anointing];

33)  Or compounds incense;

34)  Or uses [unlawfully] oil of anointing;   

35)  And [when one transgresses the laws of] the pesah,

36)  And circumcision — from among positive commandments.

 

Explanation

This is not really the place to explain each of these transgressions. Rather I will give brief biblical references for each and explain anything that I feel is a bit more complicated.

I have merely duplicated each section below for ease of reference. Sorry if this is a bit long…

1)      When one has intercourse with his mother; Leviticus 18:7.

2)      His father’s wife; ibid: 8.

3)      Or his daughter-in-law; ibid: 15.

4)      When a man has intercourse with a male: ibid: 22.

5)      Or with a beast: ibid: 23.

6)      Or when a woman brings a beast upon herself: ibid.  

7)      When one has intercourse with a woman and her daughter: ibid: 17.

8)      Or with a married woman: ibid: 20.

9)      Or with his sister; ibid: 9.

10)  Or with his father’s sister: ibid: 12.

11)  Or his mother’s sister: ibid: 13.

12)  Or his wife’s sister: ibid: 18.

13)  Or his brother’s wife: ibid: 16.

14)  Or the wife of his father’s brother: ibid: 14.

15)  Or with a menstruating woman; ibid: 19.

16)  One who blasphemes [the Lord]: Numbers 15:30.

17)  One who worships idols: No shortage of references in the Tanakh.

18)  Or dedicates his children to Molech; Leviticus 18:21.

19)  Or has a ba’al ov; Leviticus 19:31.

20)  Or desecrates the Shabbat: Many references, see for instance, Exodus 31:24.

21)  When an unclean person eats of sacred food: Leviticus 7:20.

22)  Or when one enters the precincts of the Temple in an unclean state:Numbers 19:13.  

23)  When one eats forbidden fat: Leviticus 7:25. 

24)  Or blood; ibid, 27.

25)  Notar: Leviticus 19: 6-8.

26)  Or piggul; Leviticus 7:18.  

27)  When one slaughters: Leviticus 17:4.

28)  Or offers up [a consecrated animal] outside [the Temple]; ibid, 8-9.

29)  One who eats anything leavened on Pesah; Exodus 12:19.  

30)  One who eats:

31)  Or works on Yom Kippur;  Leviticus 23:28-30 (this and the previous transgression).

32)  One who compounds the oil [of anointing]; Exodus 30: 32-33.

33)  Or compounds incense; Exodus 30: 37-38.

34)  Or uses [unlawfully] oil of anointing; ibid, 32-33.  

35)  And the pesah: Deuteronomy 16: 2; Numbers 9:13.

36)  And circumcision are positive commandments: Leviticus 12:3; Genesis 17:14.

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