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Ketubot, Daf Kuf Gimmel, Part 3
Reading for Tuesday, April 18
A widow who has not claimed her ketubah is maintained from the estate of her husband. The mishnah in this sectiondeals with the question of whether or not the widow needs to be in her husband’s house to receive her maintenance from her husband’s inheritors.
מתני’. אלמנה שאמרה אי אפשי לזוז מבית בעלי, אין היורשין יכולין לומר לה לכי לבית אביך ואנו זנין אותך, אלא זנין אותה ונותנין לה מדור לפי כבודה.
A widow who says, “I do not want to move from my husband’s house”, the heirs cannot tell her, “Go to your father’s house and we will maintain you,” rather they must maintain her in her husband’s house and they give her a residence according to her honor.
A widow has a right to remain in her husband’s house and receive her maintenance there. The inheritors cannot ask her to leave, even if they promise to provide her with maintenance somewhere else. Furthermore, they must provide for her at the same level that she received while her husband was alive. If her husband lived the lifestyle of the rich and famous, she may continue to do so, even if it eats into his children’s inheritance. She must live in a proper part of her husband’s house and may not be put into lesser attractive quarters.
אמרה אי אפשי לזוז מבית אבא, יכולין היורשין לומר לה אם את אצלנו יש ליך מזונות, ואם אין את אצלנו אין ליך מזונות.
If she said, “I have no desire to move from my father’s house,” the heirs can say to her, “If you stay with us you will have your maintenance, but if you do not stay with us you will receive no maintenance.”
However, the widow does not have the right to force the heirs to give her maintenance money elsewhere. If she wishes to live in her father’s house, the inheritors can respond that she will only receive maintenance in her former husband’s house.
אם היתה טוענת מפני שהיא ילדה והן ילדים, זנין אותה והיא בבית אביה.
If she claimed [that she didn’t want to live there] because she is young and they are young, they must maintain her while she lives in the house of her father.
The mishnah now mentions the one exception to this preceding rule. If she is young and they are young, she may not want to live there for fear of impropriety. It may even be that she may not be that different from them in age. If she makes such a claim, she may receive her maintenance money in her father’s home.