Ketubot, Chapter Seven, Mishnah Three
This mishnah discusses a husband who vows that his wife should not adorn herself. According to the mishnah, a woman has a right to adorn herself and therefore a husband who takes such a vow must divorce her.
As in yesterdays mishnah, the Talmud interprets the mishnah to refer to a situation where the wife vowed and the husband upheld the vow. However, I will again explain the mishnah according to its words and not according to its Talmudic interpretation.
1) If a man forbade his wife by vow that she should not adorn herself with any type of adornment he must divorce her and give her the ketubah.
2) Rabbi Yose says: [this refers] to poor women if no time limit is given, and to rich women [if the time limit is] thirty days.
Section one: If the husband vows that his wife not adorn herself with jewelry or with perfume, he must divorce her immediately.
Section two: Rabbi Yose explains that there is a distinction between rich and poor wives in this matter. If the wife was poor and he took an open-ended vow, he must divorce her immediately. However, if he set a time limit on the vow, he need not divorce her. Because she is poor, she is accustomed to not adorning herself and a limited vow will not be so damaging. According to the Talmud, the maximum time of the vow is 12 months. However, were she rich, he could not take such a long vow, for she is accustomed to adorning herself frequently. Therefore, the maximum time is thirty days; if he takes a vow of a longer duration, he must divorce her immediately.