Menahot, Chapter Two, Mishnah Four

 

Introduction

This mishnah contains another example of the same rule found in yesterday’s mishnah.

 

Mishnah Four

1)      The animal-offering can render the libations piggul after they have been sanctified in the vessel, the words of Rabbi Meir.

2)      But the libations cannot render the animal-offering piggul.

a)      Thus, if he slaughtered an animal-offering intending to eat part of it on the next day, both it and the libations are piggul; if he intended to offer the libations the next day, the libations are piggul but the animal-offering is not.

 

Explanation

Section one: When one offers an animal sacrifice, he must bring with it libations. This includes a minhah and a wine-libation (see Numbers 15). Rabbi Meir holds that if the priest has a disqualifying intention with regard to the animal offering, the libations become piggul as well, as long as they have already been sanctified by being put into a ministering vessel.

The sages’ opinion with regard to this issue is not found in this mishnah. In Zevahim 4:3 we learn that the sages hold that the libations that accompany an animal offering cannot ever become piggul. Therefore, even if the priest has a disqualifying intention with regard to the animal, the libations can still be eaten.

Section two: Since the libations are ancillary to the animal-offering, even if the priest has a disqualifying intention with regard to them, the animal-offering is not piggul.

 

 

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