Meilah

Introduction to Tractate Meilah

Introduction to Tractate Meilah               Meilah is translated either as “sacrilege” or “trespass.” It refers to one who unwittingly makes prohibited use of property that belongs to the Temple. The subject is dealt with in Leviticus 5:15-16:   When a person commits trespass, being unwittingly remiss about any of the Lord’s sacred things, he […]

Meilah, Chapter 1, Mishnah 1

Meilah, Chapter One, Mishnah One   Introduction Our mishnah discusses cases where the laws of sacrilege apply to animals despite the fact that the sacrifice was disqualified.   Mishnah One 1)      Most holy sacrifices which were slaughtered on the south side [of the altar], the law of sacrilege [still] applies to them. 2)      If they […]

Meilah, Chapter 1, Mishnah 2

Meilah, Chapter One, Mishnah Two   Introduction In this mishnah Rabbi Eliezer and Rabbi Akiva argue about whether meat from most holy sacrifices that was taken out of the Temple before its blood was sprinkled on the altar is subject to the laws of sacrilege.   Mishnah Two 1)      If the flesh of most holy […]

Meilah, Chapter 1, Mishnah 3

Meilah, Chapter One, Mishnah Three   Introduction Today’s mishnah deals with the innards of sacrifices of a lower degree of holiness. These innards are burned on the altar after the blood has been spilled. As in yesterday’s mishnah, today we discuss a case where these innards left the Temple courtyard. This disqualifies them from being […]

Meilah, Chapter 1, Mishnah 4

Meilah, Chapter One, Mishnah Four   Introduction Today’s mishnah compares the effect that the sprinkling of the blood on the altar has on sacrifices of both higher and lower degrees of holiness.   Mishnah Four 1)      The act of [sprinkling the] blood of most holy sacrifices may have either a lenient or a stringent effect, […]

Meilah, Chapter 2, Mishnah 1

Meilah, Chapter Two, Mishnah One   Introduction This entire chapter discusses various states of preparation of every type of sacrifice, and when the sacrifice becomes liable for various prohibitions. As we shall see, the pattern of this mishnah is repeated throughout this highly stylized chapter. There are some halakhot that I will explain here and […]

Meilah, Chapter 2, Mishnah 2

Meilah, Chapter Two, Mishnah Two   Introduction Today’s mishnah deals with the bird olah, a whole burnt offering. Most of its laws are the same as those found in yesterday’s mishnah.   Mishnah Two 1)      The law of sacrilege applies to the olah of a bird from the moment of its dedication. 2)      With the […]

Meilah, Chapter 2, Mishnah 3

Meilah, Chapter Two, Mishnah Three   Introduction This mishnah is very similar to the first two mishnayot of this chapter, except it deals with the bullocks and goats that are burned. There are three types of bullocks that are burned: 1) The bullock offered on Yom Kippur; 2) the bullock offered by a high priest […]

Meilah, Chapter 2, Mishnah 4

Meilah, Chapter Two, Mishnah Four   Introduction Today’s mishnah deals with the animal olah.   Mishnah Four 1)      The law of sacrilege applies to an olah from the moment of its dedication. 2)      When it is slaughtered it becomes susceptible to be disqualified through contact with a tevul yom or one who still requires atonement, […]

Meilah, Chapter 2, Mishnah 5

Meilah, Chapter Two, Mishnah Five   Introduction This mishnah refers to other most holy sacrifices, namely the hatat, the asham and the public shelamim sacrifices. These are the two lambs sacrificed on Shavuot. They are considered most holy sacrifices, although other shelamim sacrifices are sacrifices of a lesser degree of holiness.   Mishnah Five 1)      […]

Meilah, Chapter 2, Mishnah 6

Meilah, Chapter Two, Mishnah Six   Introduction On Shavuot two loaves of bread are brought with the sacrifices. Our mishnah is concerned with when the law of sacrilege applies to these loaves.   Mishnah Six 1)      The law of sacrilege applies to the two loaves of bread from the moment of their dedication. 2)      Once […]

Meilah, Chapter 2, Mishnah 7

Meilah, Chapter Two, Mishnah Seven   Introduction Today’s mishnah deals with the showbread that is placed on the table in the Sanctuary every Shabbat.   Mishnah Seven 1)      The law of sacrilege applies to the showbread from the moment of its dedication. 2)      Once it has formed a crust in the oven it becomes susceptible […]

Meilah, Chapter 2, Mishnah 8

Meilah, Chapter Two, Mishnah Eight   Our mishnah discusses how the law of sacrilege relates to menahot.   Mishnah Eight 1)      The law of sacrilege applies to menahot (grain offerings) from the moment of their dedication. 2)      Once they have become sacred by being put in the vessel [of service] they become susceptible for unfitness […]

Meilah, Chapter 2, Mishnah 9

Meilah, Chapter Two, Mishnah Nine   Mishnah Nine 1)      The law of sacrilege applies to the handful [of a minhah], the frankincense, the incense, the minhah of a priest, the minhah of the anointed high priest and the minhah that is accompanied by a libation, from the moment of their dedication. 2)      Once they have […]

Meilah, Chapter 3, Mishnah 1

Meilah, Chapter Three, Mishnah One   Introduction This mishnah is found word for word in Temurah 4:1. It is brought here because it also deals with sacrilege. I have mostly replicated my commentary from there. In Temurah 2:2 we learned that there are five types of hataot (pl. of hatat) that are left to die […]

Meilah, Chapter 3, Mishnah 2

Meilah, Chapter Three, Mishnah Two   Introduction When a nazirite finishes his term he must bring three offerings: a hatat (sin-offering), an olah (whole-burnt offering), and a shelamim (well-being offering). Our mishnah deals with how the law of sacrilege and various other laws apply to these three offerings in a case where a person set […]

Meilah, Chapter 3, Mishnah 3

Meilah, Chapter Three, Mishnah Three   Introduction Our mishnah discusses the law of sacrilege as it relates to blood and the wine libations.   Mishnah Three 1)      Rabbi Ishmael says: [the law relating to] blood is lenient at the beginning [before it is offered] and stringent at the end; [the law relating to] libations is […]

Meilah, Chapter 3, Mishnah 4

Meilah, Chapter Three, Mishnah Four   Mishnah Four 1)      The ashes of the inner altar and [of the wicks of] the menorah may not be used but they are not subject to the law of sacrilege. 2)      If one dedicates ashes they are subject to the law of sacrilege. 3)      Turtle-doves which have not reached […]

Meilah, Chapter 3, Mishnah 5

Meilah, Chapter Three, Mishnah Five   Introduction Today’s mishnah deals with sacrilege and the products that come from animals—milk and eggs.   Mishnah Five 1)      The milk of consecrated animals and the eggs of [consecrated] turtle-doves may not be used, but are not subject to the law of sacrilege. 2)      When is this so? For […]

Meilah, Chapter 3, Mishnah 6

Meilah, Chapter Three, Mishnah Six   Mishnah Six 1)      Whatever is fit for the altar and not for Temple repair, for Temple repair and not for the altar, neither for the altar nor for Temple repair is subject to the law of sacrilege. 2)      How so? If one consecrated a cistern full of water, a […]

Meilah, Chapter 3, Mishnah 7

Meilah, Chapter Three, Mishnah Seven   Mishnah Seven 1)      If the roots of a privately owned tree spread onto dedicated ground, or those of a tree in dedicated ground spread onto private ground, they may not be used, but the law of sacrilege does not apply to them.   2)      The water of a spring […]

Meilah, Chapter 3, Mishnah 8

Meilah, Chapter Three, Mishnah Eight   Mishnah Eight 1)      A nest which is built on the top of a dedicated tree, one may not derive benefit from it, but the law of sacrilege does not apply to it. 2)      That which is on the top of an asherah, one flicks [it] off with a reed.  […]

Meilah, Chapter 4, Mishnah 1

Meilah, Chapter Four, Mishnah One   Introduction This chapter deals with when things join together to create the minimum amount necessary for a violation to have been committed or an obligation to be fulfilled. We begin with the issue of sacrilege, but the following mishnayot proceed to other subjects.   Mishnah One 1)      Things dedicated […]

Meilah, Chapter 4, Mishnah 2

Meilah, Chapter Four, Mishnah Two   Introduction Today’s mishnah deals with which parts of a sacrifice combine to make one liable for either sacrilege, or piggul, notar or defilement. If a person eats a little of this part and a little of that part, when does he become liable.   Mishnah Two 1)      Five things […]

Meilah, Chapter 4, Mishnah 3

Meilah, Chapter Four, Mishnah Three   Mishnah Three 1)      All kinds of piggul can combine with one another and all kinds of notar can combine with one another. 2)      All kinds of carrion can combine with one another. 3)      All kinds of sheratzim can combine with one another.  4)      The blood of a sheretz and […]

Meilah, Chapter 4, Mishnah 4

Meilah, Chapter Four, Mishnah Four   Introduction In today’s mishnah we learn that different types of prohibited substances do not join together to add up to a sufficient amount for a transgression to have occurred.   Mishnah Four 1)      Piggul and remnant do not combine with one another because they are of two different names. […]

Meilah, Chapter 4, Mishnah 5

Meilah, Chapter Four, Mishnah Five   Introduction Today’s mishnah teaches that different types of food and different types of drink can join together with regard to various matters.   Mishnah Five All kinds of food can combine with one another: 1)      To make up the quantity of half a peras in order to render the […]

Meilah, Chapter 4, Mishnah 6

Meilah, Chapter Four, Mishnah Six   Mishnah Six 1)      Orlah and kilayim of the vineyard can combine with one another.   a)      Rabbi Shimon says: they do not combine. 2)      Cloth, sack-cloth, sack-cloth and leather, leather and matting combine with one another.   3)      Rabbi Shimon: What is the reason?  Because these are all susceptible […]

Meilah, Chapter 5, Mishnah 1

Meilah, Chapter Five, Mishnah One   Introduction Today’s mishnah discusses the basic laws of sacrilege—when is a person considered to have derived benefit from a sacred thing such that he is guilty of sacrilege?   Mishnah One 1)      If one derived a perutah’s worth of benefit from a sacred thing, he is guilty of sacrilege […]

Meilah, Chapter 5, Mishnah 2

Meilah, Chapter Five, Mishnah Two   Mishnah Two If one derived half a perutah’s worth of benefit and impaired [the value of the used article] by another half a perutah, or if one derived a perutah’s worth of benefit from one thing and diminished another thing by the value of a perutah, he had not […]

Meilah, Chapter 5, Mishnah 3

Meilah, Chapter Five, Mishnah Three   Mishnah Three 1)      One does not commit sacrilege after sacrilege has already been committed by another person, except with domesticated animals and vessels of ministry.   2)      How so? If one rode on a beast and then another came and rode on it and yet another came and rode […]

Meilah, Chapter 5, Mishnah 4

Meilah, Chapter Five, Mishnah Four   Introduction Our mishnah discusses when exactly a person who takes something from Temple property is considered to have committed sacrilege.   Mishnah Four 1)      If he removed a stone or a beam belonging to Temple property, he is not guilty of sacrilege. a)      But if he gave it to […]

Meilah, Chapter 5, Mishnah 5

Meilah, Chapter Five, Mishnah Five   Mishnah Five The portion which a person has eaten himself and that which he has given his friend to eat, or the portion which he has made use of himself and that which he has given to his friend to make use of, or the portion which he has […]

Meilah, Chapter 6, Mishnah 1

Meilah, Chapter Six, Mishnah One   Introduction Our mishnah deals with the question of one who sends another person to commit an act of sacrilege: who is guilty of the sacrilege, the sender or his agent?   Mishnah One 1)      If an agent has fulfilled his agency, the sender is guilty of sacrilege, but if […]

Meilah, Chapter 6, Mishnah 2

Meilah, Chapter Six, Mishnah Two   Introduction This mishnah deals with a person who unknowingly sends money that has been dedicated to the Temple with an agent to a storekeeper to buy something.   Mishnah Two 1)      One who has sent a deaf-mute, an imbecile or a minor: a)      If they carried out their agency […]

Meilah, Chapter 6, Mishnah 3

Meilah, Chapter Six, Mishnah Three   Mishnah Three 1)      If he gave him a perutah and said to him: “Bring me for half a perutah lamps and for the other half wicks,” and he went and brought for the whole perutah wicks or for the whole perutah lamps; a)      Or if he said to him, […]

Meilah, Chapter 6, Mishnah 4

Meilah, Chapter Six, Mishnah Four   Mishnah Four 1)      If he gave him two perutahs and said, “Bring me for them an etrog,” and he brought for one perutah an etrog and for the other a pomegranate, both are guilty of sacrilege. a)      Rabbi Judah says: the employer is not guilty of sacrilege for he […]

Meilah, Chapter 6, Mishnah 5

Meilah, Chapter Six, Mishnah Five   Mishnah Five 1)      One who deposited money with a moneychanger: if it was tied up, he may not use it; and therefore if he did spend it he is guilty of sacrilege. a)      If it was loose he may use it and therefore if he spent it he is […]

Meilah, Chapter 6, Mishnah 6

Meilah, Chapter Six, Mishnah Six   Introduction This mishnah discusses a situation where one dedicated coin is in a bag full of non-sacred coins, but we don’t know which coin it is. If he uses the coins in the bag, at what point is he considered to have committed sacrilege?   Mishnah Six 1)      If […]

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