Torah Sparks

United Synagogue (USCJ) is proud and delighted to bring you Torah Sparks, with insights and learning materials on the Parasha (Torah portion) of the week. Torah Sparks is produced by the Conservative Yeshiva in Jerusalem.

Each week there will be a Dvar Torah - a discussion on some aspect of the reading, by CY faculty, alumni and friends; a Vort - a short thought from Chasidic rebbes or other thinkers about some point in the text; and Table Talk - questions to stimulate discussion on the Parsha around the Shabbat table. Torah Sparks is available here on the Conservative Yeshiva's Shiurim Online Beit Midrash website, as well as by subscription to weekly graphical emails. Please select the Parasha you would like to see - it will display articles from each year. A printable PDF is linked at the end of each week's presentation.

Tevul Yom

Introduction to Tevul Yom

Introduction to Tevul Yom   The word “tevul yom” refers to a person who has immersed in a mikveh but will not become pure until the evening. The concept is derived by the rabbis from the following two verses:   Leviticus 11:32 And anything on which one of them falls when dead shall be unclean: […]

Tevul Yom, Chapter 1, Mishnah 1

Tevul Yom, Chapter One, Mishnah One   Introduction The first mishnah in Tevul Yom deals with the issue of whether things that are loosely connected to each other are considered to be one thing, such that if a tevul yom touches one side the whole thing is impure, or many independent things, such that the […]

Tevul Yom, Chapter 1, Mishnah 2

Tevul Yom, Chapter One, Mishnah Two   Introduction Today’s mishnah contains mostly the opposite scenarios of yesterday’s mishnah—objects that are considered to be connected, such that if the tevul yom touches one of them, they are all defiled.   Mishnah Two 1)      If one had collected pieces of hallah without the intention of separating them […]

Tevul Yom, Chapter 1, Mishnah 3

Tevul Yom, Chapter One, Mishnah Three   Mishnah Three 1)      The nail shaped knob   on the back of the loaf, or the small globule of salt,   or the burnt crust less than a finger’s breadth: Rabbi Yose says: whatever is eaten with the loaf becomes unclean [when touched by the tevul yom].   2)      And one […]

Tevul Yom, Chapter 1, Mishnah 4

Tevul Yom, Chapter One, Mishnah Four   Introduction Today’s mishnah is the opposite of yesterday’s mishnah. It describes things that are attached to the loaf but are not considered connected to it for matters of impurity.   Mishnah Four 1)      A pebble in a loaf or a large globule of salt, or a lupine, or […]

Tevul Yom, Chapter 1, Mishnah 5

Tevul Yom, Chapter One, Mishnah Five   Mishnah Five 1)      Unshelled barley or spelt, root of crowfoot, asafoetida,  silrhium–Rabbi Judah says: even black beans—remain clean even [when coming into contact] with a ‘father of uncleanness’, and there is no need to say [if touched] by a tevul yom, the words of Rabbi Meir. a)      But […]

Tevul Yom, Chapter 2, Mishnah 1

Tevul Yom, Chapter Two, Mishnah One   Mishnah One 1)      Liquids that come out of a tevul yom are like those which he has touched: neither of them causes defilement.  2)      With regard to all others that are unclean, be they of minor  or major  [degree], the liquids that come out of them are like […]

Tevul Yom, Chapter 2, Mishnah 2

Tevul Yom, Chapter Two, Mishnah Two   Mishnah Two 1)      A pot which was full of liquid and a tevul yom touched it: a)      If it is terumah, the liquid is disqualified, but the pot is clean.  b)      But if the liquid is non-sacred [hullin] then all remains clean.  2)      If his hands were defiled […]

Tevul Yom, Chapter 2, Mishnah 3

Tevul Yom, Chapter Two, Mishnah Three   Mishnah Three 1)      If the porridge was of terumah and the garlic or oil [it contained] was of hullin, and a tevul yom touched part of them, he has disqualified the whole thing;   2)      But if the porridge was of hullin and the garlic or oil it contained […]

Tevul Yom, Chapter 2, Mishnah 4

Tevul Yom, Chapter Two, Mishnah Four   Mishnah Four 1)      If the porridge and batter-cake were of hullin and oil of terumah was floating above them, and a tevul yom touched the oil, he disqualifies only the oil. 2)      If he stirred it altogether, all the places where the oil goes are disqualified.   Explanation […]

Tevul Yom, Chapter 2, Mishnah 5

Tevul Yom, Chapter Two, Mishnah Five   Mishnah Five 1)      Sanctified meat over which the porridge crusted, and a tevul yom touched the crust, the slices [of meat] are permitted. a)      But if he touched one of the slices, that slice and all [the crust] that comes up with it form a connective the one […]

Tevul Yom, Chapter 2, Mishnah 6

Tevul Yom, Chapter Two, Mishnah Six   Mishnah Six 1)      A jug which sunk into a cistern containing wine, and a tevul yom touched it: a)      If [he touched it] from the rim and inwards, it serves as a connective;   b)      If from the rim and outwards, it does not serve as a connective. 2)      […]

Tevul Yom, Chapter 2, Mishnah 7

Tevul Yom, Chapter Two, Mishnah Seven   Mishnah Seven 1)      If a jug had a hole either at its neck, bottom or sides, and a tevul yom touched it [at the hole], it becomes unclean.   a)      Rabbi Judah says: if the hole is at its neck or bottom it becomes unclean; but if on its […]

Tevul Yom, Chapter 2, Mishnah 8

Tevul Yom, Chapter Two, Mishnah Eight   Introduction Today’s mishnah discusses a jug that has a bubble in the clay on the side. The bubble is pierced such that there is a passageway from the inside of the jar to the outside. The question is whether or not impurity can come from the outside and […]

Tevul Yom, Chapter 3, Mishnah 1

Tevul Yom, Chapter Three, Mishnah One   Mishnah One 1)      Handles to food, which count as connectives when touched by a “father of uncleanness,” also count as connectives when touched by a tevul yom. 2)      If a food was divided into two yet a small part was still attached: a)      Rabbi Meir says: if one […]

Tevul Yom, Chapter 3, Mishnah 2

Tevul Yom, Chapter Three, Mishnah Two   Mishnah Two 1)      If a beaten egg was on top of vegetables of terumah, and a tevul yom touches the egg, then he disqualifies only that stalk [of the vegetables] that is opposite the part [of the egg] he touched.  a)      Rabbi Yose says: the entire upper layer. […]

Tevul Yom, Chapter 3, Mishnah 3

Tevul Yom, Chapter Three, Mishnah Three   Mishnah Three 1)      The streak of an egg that had become congealed on the side of a pan and a tevul yom touched it: a)      If within the rim [of the pan] it serves as a connective;   b)      But if outside the rim, it does not serve as […]

Tevul Yom, Chapter 3, Mishnah 4

Tevul Yom, Chapter Three, Mishnah Four   Mishnah Four 1)      Dough that had been mixed [with dough of terumah] or that had been leavened with yeast of terumah, is not disqualified by tevul yom. a)      Rabbi Yose and Rabbi Shimon declare it unfit. 2)      Dough that had become susceptible [to uncleanness] by a liquid, and […]

Tevul Yom, Chapter 3, Mishnah 5

Tevul Yom, Chapter Three, Mishnah Five   Mishnah Five Vegetables of hullin were cooked with oil of terumah and a tevul yom touched it: Rabbi Elazar ben Judah of Bartota says in the name of Rabbi Joshua: he has disqualified the whole thing.   Rabbi Akiva says in his name: he disqualifies only the part that […]

Tevul Yom, Chapter 3, Mishnah 6

Tevul Yom, Chapter Three, Mishnah Six   Introduction Today’s mishnah deals with a person who is chewing food and the food falls out of his mouth. First it falls onto his clothes and then onto a terumah loaf of bread (and then my poor meatball, it rolled out the door!). The question is—does the moisture […]

Tevul Yom, Chapter 4, Mishnah 1

Tevul Yom, Chapter Four, Mishnah One   Mishnah One If food that was tithe had been rendered susceptible to impurity by a liquid, and a tevul yom or one with unwashed hands touched it, terumah of tithe  may still be removed from it in purity, since it only has third degree uncleanness, and third degree […]

Tevul Yom, Chapter 4, Mishnah 2

Tevul Yom, Chapter Four, Mishnah Two   Mishnah Two A woman who is a tevulat yom may knead dough, cut off the hallah, and set it apart, and she should arrange it on an Egyptian basket,  or on a tray, and then bring it near  and call it by its name. For it [the dough] […]

Tevul Yom, Chapter 4, Mishnah 3

Tevul Yom, Chapter Four, Mishnah Three   Introduction This is the third mishnah in which we learn that something that has third degree impurity does not defile hullin.   Mishnah Three A trough which is a tevulat yom, one may knead dough in it and cut off the portion for hallah and bring it near […]

Tevul Yom, Chapter 4, Mishnah 4

Tevul Yom, Chapter Four, Mishnah Four   Mishnah Four 1)      A flagon was a tevul yom and they filled it from a cask containing tithes from which terumah had not yet been taken: 2)      If one said, let this be terumah of tithe after nightfall, it becomes terumah of tithe. 3)      But if he said: […]

Tevul Yom, Chapter 4, Mishnah 5

Tevul Yom, Chapter Four, Mishnah Five   Mishnah Five Originally they said: one may redeem [second tithe] for the produce of an am ha-arez.   Later they reconsidered and said: also for money of his.   1)      Originally they said that if a man was being led out to execution and said, “Write a get for my […]

Tevul Yom, Chapter 4, Mishnah 6

Tevul Yom, Ch Introduction This mishnah is the same as Kelim 13:7. It deals with vessels that are basically wooden, but have one part made of metal. The reason that this mishnah is placed here is Rabbi Joshua’s comments found at the end. According to Albeck, this comment refers to all of the cases in […]

Tevul Yom, Chapter 4, Mishnah 7

Tevul Yom, Chapter Four, Mishnah Seven   Introduction The final mishnah of Tevul Yom deals with a tevul yom who is separating terumah from a cistern.   Mishnah Seven 1)      If one was taking terumah from a cistern and said: “Let this be terumah provided it comes up safely,” [it is implied that he meant] […]

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Mishnah Yomit

Learn one Mishnah each day with the Conservative Yeshiva's Mishnah Yomit, prepared by faculty member Dr. Joshua Kulp.